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Guitar Fretboard notes
To begin our lesson we are going to use
colors to represent notes on the guitar.
Look below and notice the colors we will
use to represent each note. A note is a
tone of a certain pitch which can be
created in a number of different ways. For
example, if you were to push down a single
key on the piano, you would be playing a
note. To play a note on the guitar, you
would fret or push down on a string to
create a tone of a certain pitch. In this
lesson, we will learn where each note is
located on the guitar fretboard.
The image below illustrates a guitar
fretboard and shows all the notes along
the Low E string.
The low E string is the largest string and
will be in red.
The color for the strings will be slightly
different than the color for the notes. The high E string,
is the thinnest string, look below.
The notes and each color have been
illustrated in the table above. We
will use each of these colors to
represent each of these notes in
our lessons. There will be twelve
different notes we need to learn
on the guitar fretboard.
The 12 notes along the Low E string are:
E F F#
We will illustrate these notes and their
placement on the Low
E string. Look at the fretboard
below and notice the 6 notes to the left
of the guitar fretboard. These 6 notes
represent the 6 strings used on the
guitar. These six strings when tuned, will
be the Low E string,
A string, D
string and the
high E string.
Look at the image of the guitar fretboard
above and notice the
E note. This E note will represent
the Low E string
when played open. If you pick the Low E
string with out fretting any note, you
would be playing the E note. Of course to
create this E note, your guitar would have
to have the proper tuning.
If you were to fret or push down on the
Low E string on the first fret, you would
be playing the F
note. The next note on the
Low E string 2nd fret is the
F# note. This is the (sharp symbol
#). To get a sharp note, we would move 1/2
step above the previous note. 1/2 step on
the guitar would be 1 fret. The E note
will never be sharp. Look above and notice
there is no E# note.
As we move along the Low E string, we
G note. Look
above and find the
G note at the
3rd fret. As we move up 1/2 step or 1 fret
on the low E string we will reach the G#
note, 4th fret.
Moving along the Low E string we reach the
A note at the 5th fret.
Moving to the next fret we have the A#
At the 7th fret, we run into the
B note. Find that B note and notice
there is no B sharp note. You will never
have a B# note. We will learn more about
this when we construct the major scales in
The next note at the 8th fret will be the
C note. Then we would have the C#,
D D# and finally to the E note again.
I say again because on the guitar, every
note repeats after 12 frets. To prove
this, look at the G note on the 3rd fret,
you will find the G note repeated at the
15th fret, 12 frets away from the 1st G
You can figure out each note on each of
the six strings using the same process as
we did above. The image below will now
show you how to find the notes on the A
string. Look at the image below. The first
note will be the open A string in yellow.
The next note on the A string 1st fret
will be the A# note. Each note is figured
out the same way we did on the Low E
string. Notice there is no B# or E#. There
never will be a sharp for these two notes.
Notice that the A note is repeated after
12 frets. All the notes would repeat after
12 frets, this goes for every string,
scale and chord.
The image below shows all of the notes of
ascending. The first homework
assignment will ask you to fill in all the
notes of the guitar fretboard ascending.
It has already been done for you, but it
is a good idea to fill in the blank
illustrations on lesson 1. It's very
important to learn all the notes of
the guitar and their placement. Use the
illustration below to help out. Then try
to fill in one of the illustrations from
Look at the image below. This image has
all the notes of the guitar, but the A
notes are circled. Notice that some A
notes have different colors. Playing each
A note and its particular color will sound
the same tone. The yellow and green
colored A notes are at a lower octave than
the yellow and blue A's. The yellow and
blue A's are at a lower octave than the
yellow and orange A's. Play each A note on the
fretboard and compare to each other.
Remember your guitar needs to be in
tune and you will find audio files in
the tuning section to help tune your guitar.
This illustration will eventually become
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