Open position chords and Guitar Tablature Instruction
In this chapter we need to learn a little more about chords and tablature. Since we are learning the Am pentatonic scale, it's a good idea that we learn the chords that blend in with this scale. These chords will be used for our back up rhythm to play a few leads over. The first chord we should go over is the Am chord. The Am chord is the main chord in the Am pentatonic scale.
The notes that make up the Am chord are A, C, E. All minor chords are made up of the (1st or root), flat 3rd and 5th notes. Remember in our previous lessons that I said the little (m) represents the minor chord. (Am) = A minor. The Major chord is represented with its letter name only. (C) = C Major.
Before we get into any progressions or rhythms, we need to learn the chords we will be using.
The first illustration above to the left is showing the Am chord being played in the open position. The second illustration shows the Am chord and the notes laid out on the fret board. The third illustration above shows the Am chord written in tablature. Notice the numbers on each string in the illustration to the right. Each number equals the fret being played. And each number is on the particular string you play.
Notice the 0 on the A string above. That 0 means you leave that string open. You do not fret that string, but you do strum it along with the other notes of that chord. Notice the 2 on the D string. That 2 represents the second fret D string.
Notice the 2 on the G string. That 2 represents the second fret on the G string.
Notice the 1 on the B string. That 1 represents the first fret on the B string.
Notice the 0 on the High E string. That 0 means that you do not fret that string, but you strum that string along with all the notes.
You will notice that when you review the open chords chapter, it will say now that you have learned all the Am pentatonic scales in every position, we can learn some chords. No we haven't learned every position yet. We will eventually get to other positions of the pentatonic scale, but we need to learn more about guitar chords.
Look at the illustration above. Each of the the chords above are written in tablature. Play each note of the chord one at a time. By playing one note of a chord at a time, you will be playing an arpeggio. If you were to play all the notes at once, you would be playing a chord. All notes strummed is a chord. All notes played one at a time, is an arpeggio. We will learn more about arpeggios later on. Play the exercise above as often as possible.
One note for each chord has been illustrated above to get you started.
Your assignment is to fill in the missing open position chords in tablature above using the wheel below for your reference. This wheel shows each chord in the key of C and each section shows the notes that make up each chord. You may want to review the chord chapter if your not familiar with each chord.
The illustration below shows the C major and F major chords in tablature form. Tablature is an alternative way of reading and writing music. Each number below represents the fret and string played. You should review the Guitar Tablature section if your not comfortable with this system.
Look at the C major chord above in the first box in tablature. The numbers in the box above represent the fingers and frets of each chord. The C chord is shown to the left. Notice that the 1 finger is on the B string (C note) first fret. The 2 finger is on the D string second fret (E note) and the 3 finger is on the A string 3rd fret (C note). Notice the open strings, G and high E. These strings are left opened and strummed along with the held notes. Remember the C note is made up of C, E and G, that's why they are strummed with the C chord.
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