Guitar Lesson 14

Guitar Secrets Lead Guitar Made Easy

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Lead Guitar Made Easy

Guitar Fret-board

Throughout our lessons, I've stressed how once you learn the Am pentatonic scale, you can use the same fingering patterns to play in other keys. Now is the time that you begin to do just that. We will work on a few different progressions that are not in the key of C major.

G major scale and chords in G

The Key of G Major has the chords that follow:

G Major, Am, Bm, C Major, D Major, Em, F# dim. and G

Em pentatonic would be the natural minor for the key of G. Check out key signatures before we begin. 

key signatures

G major pentatonic and Em pentatonic share the same notes and are relative to one another. If you are playing over the G chord or a progression in G major, use G major pentatonic, or Em pentatonic, but start on the G note.

Remember, the pentatonic root note fret fingering for all minor pentatonic scales will always be. 1-4, 1-3, 1-3, 1-3, 1-4, 1-4

So for Em pentatonic play 1-4, 1-3, 1-3, 1-3, 1-4, 1-4, at the12th fret.
The notes for Em pentatonic are: E, G, A, B and D.

lead guitar in the pentatonic scale.

For G major pentatonic use

2-4, 1-4, 1-4, 1-3, 2-4, 2-4 at the 15th or 3rd fret for G major pentatonic.
G, A, B, D, E, G. Notice that G major pentatonic and Em pentatonic share the same notes. If you played lead in the red box above you would be playing the Em pentatonic scale. If you played lead in the orange box, you would be playing the G major pentatonic scale. But you could use the red box for G major, just start on the G note.

Play the Em chord and then play the notes in the red box.

Play the G chord and play the notes in the orange box.

Look to the at the image above and notice all of the chords in the key of G major.

For those of you who are a Gold Level Member, please study the lead keys chapter. Also study major key theory and look over all the G major progressions in the progression charts that have been included.

In every major key, there are always three major chords, three minor chords and a Diminished chord. Look above at the circle and find all of those chords. 

G, C and D are the major chords. Am, Bm and Em are the minor chords. The F# is the diminished chord. 

A popular progression for any major key is a 1, 4, 5 progression. I, IV, V. Since we are illustrating the key of G major, the G would be the I chord, the C would be the IV chord and the D would be the V chord. If your not up on chord formula's or roman numerals, please go back and review that chapter. Check out leading to modulation part 1 and return.

I've stated throughout our lessons that every major chord has a relative minor. Each of those three major chords in the key of G and every major key has a relative or natural minor within that particular key. 

The Em scale is relative or natural to the G major scale. Am is relative or natural to the C major scale. Bm is natural or relative to the D chord. These are always the same, no matter what key. For Example, the Am is relative to C in the key of C as well.

What does this all mean? This is really one of the most important things I have to tell you. This information is worth more than you will ever know. If you understand what I have to tell you, you will be a kick ass guitar player.

Once you know the natural or relative minor scales to the major scales, playing lead guitar will be very easy to understand. I have showed  you how to play the Am pentatonic scale in every position for a reason. You should know the relative minor to every major. Each of these scales share the same notes, or key signatures. Check out key signatures to get an idea of what were talking about.

It is also very  important to know where all of the chords are on the complete fret-board. If you know where you can play the C chord in every position, then you could also play lead over those same positions. To understand what I'm saying, check out the C chords and different locations you could play the C. C chord and locations. Once you review this example, print out some blank illustrations and fill in all of the chords of the key of C major in the same fashion. By using these illustrations on a regular basis, you will master the fret-board.

Putting it all together. 

Since there are 3 major chords and three minor chords in every major key, then there must also be 3 major and 3 minor scales. We will be looking at the G major and Em pentatonic scales to start out. The progression we will be working on will be constructed for G major pentatonic. The pentatonic scale has only 5 notes. In G major the notes are:
G, A, B, D and E. The key of G major has 7 notes, G, A, B, C, D, E, F# and G.

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