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Guitar Chords, Constructing Arpeggios and Scale Relationship
|The chord to the left is the Root 6 bar chord. It is determined by the note played on the Low E string or 6th string. It is also at times called an E type bar chord, this is because the E chord can be converted to the E bar chord. For our examples, we will be explaining this chord played at the fifth fret. This movable bar chord when played at the 5th fret, would be the A Major Chord. By raising the middle finger, this would now be the Am chord. Look at the Am cord below. This is played at the 5th fret index finger.|
|This Root 6 minor chord is also movable. By removing your middle finger, it becomes the Am chord, and is also determined by the note on the Low E string or 6th string. This chord played at the 5th fret would be the Am chord. You can play all the minor chords using this fingering. The note on the Low E string determines the minor chord. If you played this fingering at the 5th fret, it would be the Am chord. If you moved it to the 7th fret, it would be the Bm chord. If you moved it to the 12th fret, it would be the Em chord and so on.|
Understanding the relationship to chords over scales and arpeggios is very important. Look at the illustrations below. This is a very important lesson and recommended that you completely understand what is going on.
The illustration above, shows the Am pentatonic scale at the root note fret, which is the 5th fret.
The illustration below, shows the Am pentatonic scale, with only the notes of the root 6 Am bar chord. The Am chord is made up of three notes. The notes that make up the A minor chord are A, C and E. to.
The illustration below shows the fingering used to play the Am bar chord at the 5th fret.
Look at the picture of the Am chord and notice how it fits over the first illustration of the Am pentatonic scale root note fret.
Strum the Am chord and play the Am pentatonic scale and it should sound real nice, this is because you are playing the notes of the Am chord.
Compare the fingering of the Am bar chord to the left, to the illustration above. Notice how this chord fits over the Am pentatonic scale.
The illustration to the left, shows the Am chord. It is played as a root 6 bar chord. The note on the six string determines the chord. Look at the note at the 5th fret Low E string. It's an A note.
By moving the Am chord fingering pattern to the 7th fret, you would now be playing the Bm chord. Notice that both chords have the same fingering pattern. The note on the low E string determines the chord. Notice that the note on the 7th fret low E string is now the B note.
How to build and play arpeggios. To play an arpeggio you pick each note of a chord one note at a time in a pattern. When you play a chord, you usually strum more than one of the notes of the chord together. You can learn to build melodies and construct songs when you begin to incorporate arpeggios.
The first arpeggio we will construct will be the Am chord at the root note fret or 5th fret. Look at the illustration to the left. This is the root 6, Am bar chord played at the 5th fret. The notes that make up the Am chord are A, C and E.
Look at the illustration to the left and notice all the notes of the Am chord are shown. The notes of the Am chord are: A, C and E.
The illustration to the left shows how to use the notes of the Am chord to play as an arpeggio. Start on the A note, 5th fret Low E string. Then play each note in the number sequence.
The tablature is illustrated below to play the Am arpeggio at the 5th fret position. The numbers under the tablature are the suggested fingers to use.
I've included two different ways to play this example. The first example below uses the C note at the 8th fret. The second example omits the C note. Make sure you practice both techniques. Once you have this down, you can move around the fret-board and play other chords. For example, if you move this fingering pattern up 2 frets, you could play the Bm arpeggio.
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